“Humanities World Report 2015″におけるデジタルヒューマニティーズの現況

世界の人文学の現況をまとめたレポート”Humanities World Report 2015″が刊行されている。

Poul Holm, Arne Jarrick and Dominic Scott . (November 2014). Humanities World Report 2015 . [Online] Available at: http://www.palgraveconnect.com/pc/doifinder/10.1057/9781137500281.0001. (Accessed: 7 January 2016).

Poul Holm, Arne Jarrick, Dominic Scottの3人による同名プロジェクトの成果で、2014年11月の刊行の模様。紙は有料だが、電子書籍であればCC BYでオープンアクセスとなっている。発行元のPalgraveの紹介は以下の通り。

This book is open access under a CC BY license. The first of its kind, this ‘Report’ gives an overview of the humanities worldwide. Published as an Open Access title and based on an extensive literature review and enlightening interviews conducted with 90 humanities scholars across 40 countries, the book offers a first step in attempting to assess the state of the humanities globally. Its topics include the nature and value of the humanities, the challenge of globalisation, the opportunities offered by the digital humanities, variations in funding patterns around the world, and the interaction between humanities and society. Despite the stereotypical view of humanists as scholars locked away in their ivory towers, the picture that emerges from this report is that they are deeply committed to the social value of their work and appreciate the long-term importance it has for addressing global challenges. The report will be of interest not only to researchers and students in the humanities themselves, but also to administrators and funders.

それで、上にも書かれているが、この中でDigital Humanitiesに一章割かれていたので、内容をかいつまんでメモしておきたい。




(1)Digital collections, archiving and text encoding
(2)Reading and analysing electronic texts
(3)Geospatial and critical discursive mapping technologies
(4)Big Data,’ social computing, crowdsourcing, and networking
(5)3D immersive visualisation environments


A major Japanese project is the Integrated Database of Classical Japanese Texts in the pre-Meiji Period. This database of documents from Japan’s pre-1868 era involves the National Institute of Japanese Literature as the core institute. The project proposes compiling a new database with links to bibliographies, images of original manuscripts and transliterated texts.

Debates in DHを挙げて、DHコミュニティによる共同読解を指摘。
その他に研究手法として”stylometry”、”content-based analysis”(頻度分析・トピックモデル)、”metadata analysis”をあげている。また、TAPoR・Voyant・Textal・WordSeerに言及あり。

Hypercitiesを筆頭に多数のGISプロジェクトが紹介され、日本のものとして、「『地域の知』の資源のグローバルな構造化と共有化プラットフォーム」(Global Integration of Regional Knowledge Resources and Intercommunity Platform)も言及されている。

(4)ビッグデータ分析 Mapping the Republic of Letters. Harvesting Speech Datasets等を例示している。


・Reward structures in academia do not recognise digital publication
・Failure to see how DH applies to some disciplines
・‘Where are the results?’ ‘Show me a project that does something
useful with technology’
・The dark side of DH






・DHのトレンドの5点は妥当。あえて言えば、ゲーム研究も一領域としていれてもよいかもしれないが、それは(5)3D immersive visualisation environmentsに加わるだろうか。